??What is the History of Biotechnology?
Biotechnology is already in use or in practice since the time that the term was coined but during that time it is just a simple processor in a very basic level. For example and the most commonly used biotechnology process for a long time before the term was coined is the method of fermenting of fruit juices to formulate alcoholic beverages back in the days most commonly fermented fruit juice is the grape juice to formulate wine during the process of fermentation. In those days it is considered as a mode of art that began during the period around 6000BC.
In todays, time biotechnology became more complex started for more than two decades ago were in the scientists discovered that the genes were found to contain information that would allow and enable synthesize proteins and to a specific protein that we desire to synthesis. This was discovered in the year of nineteen seventies of wherein it is the start of the advancement of the field of the molecular biology of where it enables the scientists in that day to easily transfer the DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid the hereditary material in humans and in all other living organisms wherein the scientist carefully analyze and synthesis proteins from the chemical building blocks that can only be found in the DNA’s of living organisms and between more distantly related organisms.??In the mid-nineteen eighties and in the early nineteen nineties it was confirmed that the transformation of the genetic structure or the modification of the genetic structure of plants and animals was very possible and the scientist has successfully done the modification of the gene structure. And this is the time where in there is an increased study about the transgenic plants and animals of were in human scientists has modified the genetic structure of theses specific plant and animals for the mass production with the desired attributes of these plant products and animal products and the modification of genetic materials of this plants and animals also led to a more resistant of the diseases and it also increases the rate of the productivity of these plants and animals.
And in today the modern biotechnology of which is now more often associated with the use of genetically altered microorganisms studies of the production of a substance from microorganisms such as yeast and E. coli of which the scientist genetically altered the genetic materials of these microorganisms to produce a substance like antibiotics and insulin. And in todays, the scientists’ new innovative ideas in the field of biotechnology also now being applied to the plants by altering the genetics of these plants to produce and develop a plant made pharmaceuticals of which is now in the process.
There are also a lot of sub-fields or a more specialized area of study in biotechnology such as red biotechnology, biomanufacturing or white biotechnology and the green biotechnology of which each has the function on pushing the scientists to discover new techniques and to develop more beneficiary ways to all living things and to the environment.